Provincial History Museum
Shaanxi Provincial History Museum, a massive
modern museum up to the national standard,
is located one kilometers northwest of the
Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It is a magnificent
architectural complex in the Tang Dynasty
style. It covers an area of 70,000 square
meters, with the construction area of 5,000
square meters. It collects the highlights
of the Shaanxi culture and shows a development
of the Chinese civilization.
The architecture of the
Museum is simple, unsophisticated,
elegant and unique in style. It combines
the construction of the ancient Chinese
palaces and courtyard buildings, harmonious
and graceful in hue, and demonstrates
the Chinese traditional architectural
style. It also has local characteristics
and epoch-making essence.
Museum possesses a treasure of 113,000 historic
and cultural artifacts unearthed in Shaanxi,
and it covers an area of 1,100 square meters
The Museum has established
a science and technology center for
the preservation of cultural relics.
It has an advanced technology of examination
and laboratory test and the means
of repair and restoration. To promote
international cultural exchanges,
it has also set up a computer-controlled,
international symposium hall where
six different languages can be employed
in the spontaneous interpretation.
In the Preface Hall of
the museum, the massive picture that
faces you show the surging and roaring
Yellow River and the Vast Loess Plateau,
which are the natural habitat of the
Shaanxi residents and the cradle of
Shaanxi ancient civilization as well.
The giant lion in the
center was originally erected in front
of Shunling, the Mausoleum of the
mother of Empress Wu Zetian of the
Tang Dynasty. Its exquisite craftsmanship
and imposing look rank it the "
No.1 Lion in the Orient". China's
ancient stone lions and the technique
of its sculpturing were introduced
into the country from Afghanistan.
So this lion is not only representative
of the Shaanxi civilization, but also
the product of the cultural exchange
between the East and the West.
Shaanxi History Museum offers a full display
of historic relics mainly excavated in the
province. The exhibition can be divided
into seven sections which emphatically reveal
the Han, Wei, Jin, North and South, Sui,
Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.
The exhibition vividly and systematically
depicts Shaanxi history, ranging from 1,150,000
years ago up to the year 1840. In Chinese
history, eleven dynasties established their
capitals in Shaanxi Province, lasting more
than 1000 years. It is the area that was
made the country's capital by more dynasties
and for longer periods of time than any
other places in China. In a way, the ancient
history of Shaanxi is a highly condensed
version of Chinese history.