the 1970s, oil and finished oil used in Tibet
had to be transported by automobiles via the
Qinghai-Tibet and Sichuan-Tibet highways.
Owing to the excessively long distance, oil
consumed on the way accounted for one-third
of the total transported volume. In addition
to the high costs, the transportation was
full of danger.
On May 30, 1972, Premier Zhou
Enlai gave the signal for the construction
of an oil pipeline from Golmud in Qinghai
to Lhasa to help solve the oil shortage
problem confronting Tibet. The pipeline
reached Lhasa in November 1976 and went
into service in October 1977. The 1,080-km-long
pipeline is the longest of its kind in China,
and the highest in the world. There are
11 pump stations, and one oil diversion
station along the route. An oil depot was
built in Lhasa. Reconstruction of the oil
depot was undertaken to double its oil holding
capacity from 1984 to 1985.
Over the past 20 years or so,
the oil pipeline harvested good economic
results. In 2005, more than 120,000 tons
of oil had been transported into Tibet through
the pipeline, a figure which is basically
about the same with 2004.
Efforts will also be made to
undertake construction of oil pipelines
from Lhasa to Gonggar, Nyingchi and Xigaze,
and from Gonggar to Zetang, so as to gradually
form the pipeline transportation network
centered on Lhasa.