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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Industry And Building Industry

Tibet Industry And Building Industry

Tibet IndustryElectric power generation, mining, light industry and textiles, and ethnic handicrafts are the four mainstay industries regulated by Tibet Autonomous Region. In 2005, the added value of the enterprises in towns and above reached 1.744 billion Yuan, up 14.9 percent over 2004, and the output value was 3.113 billion Yuan, an increase of 14.2 percent. The output value of light industry was 1.145 billion Yuan, up 17.6 percent; that of the heavy industry was 1.968 billion Yuan, up 11.8 percent, and that of the State-owned and State-controlled enterprises stood at 2.288 billion Yuan, up 8.7 percent over 2004. The output sales rate of industrial enterprises in the towns and above was up to 92.2 percent.

In 2005, the profit of the industrial enterprises above designated size in Tibet reached 368 million Yuan, up 18.6 percent over 2004. The profit of State-owned and State-controlled enterprises was 284 million Yuan, up 14.2 percent; that of collective enterprises reached 750 million Yuan, an increase of 33.5 percent; that of joint-stock enterprises stood at 92 million Yuan, up 0.7 percent.

Electric Power

In recent years, with the great-leap-forward in economic and social development, the power generating capacity has been greatly increased. From 2001 to 2005, total investment in key power projects in Tibet reached 3.826 billion Yuan, the installed generating capacity was 188,500 kW among which, that of the newly opened Jinhe River Power Station stood at 60,000 kW and the installed capacity of the new No.5 generating unit of Yamzhog Yumco Power Station was 22,500 kW. By the end of 2006, it is planned that the installed capacity of the first unit of Zhigung Hydroelectric Power Station will be 100,000 kW and that of the Shiquanhe Hydroelectric Power Station will reach 60,000 kW. Meanwhile, the total investment of the four projects of power grid construction--including the central Tibet power grid, power supply for the Qinghai-Tibet Railway (Tibet section), the construction of the Qamdo power grid, the power transformation and distribution project from Xigaze to Lhaze--will total about 928 million Yuan.

According to the statistics, by the end of 2005, the total installed generating capacity reached 500,000 kW, up 150,000 kW from 2000, in which, that of the prefectural grid was 330,000 kW. The population with access to electricity increased to 1.72 million from 800,000 in 2000. The annual electricity consumption of Tibet reached 1.35 billion kWh, a rise of 85 percent over 2000, in which, the capacity of the central Tibet grid rose to more than 200,000 kW from 90,000 kW in 2000.

Since entering the 21st Century, the rural areas of Tibet have seen large-scale construction of small hydroelectric power stations. In the past five years, by carrying out the plan of small hydroelectric power stations and through the agricultural power grid transformation project, the Irrigation Department has added 55,000 kW of installed generating capacity and reconstructed 5,520 kW of existing installed capacity, which have solved the electricity supply problems of 330,000 in 166 towns and 883 countries, and improved those of another 90,000. At present, all towns with water resources have been basically electrified and the electrified rate of the countries has also been greatly raised.

At the same time, depending on aid from the electric power system of the whole country and its own efforts, Tibet has given impetus to the technical advancement and more than 200 million Yuan was used for technical innovation, which greatly improved automation of the Tibet power grid, and the advanced technologies such as protection of high frequency lines and microcomputers, safe automatic equipment, the comprehensive automation of transformer substations and hydroelectric power stations, were out into wide use. This has effectively maintained the steady state of electricity production and the safety of construction.

However, because of its fast economic and social development, Tibet is still seriously short of power. The per capita installed capacity of generators is only half that of the nation and there are still one million people without electricity, while the power supply is far from meeting the demands of industrial development. Hence, from 2006 to 2010, Tibet will concentrate on developing new water while speeding up the construction of the power grid. It will begin the key power supply projects in Bahe Xoika, Bahe Laohuzui, Yajiang Zangmo and Lhasa Zhaxoi, actively promote water and power development in farming and pasturing areas, exploit the potential of solar energy, geothermal and wind power according to local circumstance and try to raise the installed capacity of generators and construction scale to 1.2 million kW. At the same time, Tibet will unite the Nyingchi power grid and that of central Tibet, carry out the construction and transformation of the agricultural power grid, improve the urban power grid, promote power supply capability and solve the electricity problems of 165,000 herdsmen.

Mining

Tibet Autonomous Region is the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which is rich in mineral ores.

From 2001 to 2005, Tibet completed 322 geological surveys, discovering more than 500 mineral sites and it was preliminarily estimated that the amount of copper was about 11.3 million tons, that of the lead and zinc 9.28 million tons and that of iron 470 million tons. Especially, it was established that the large-scale metallogenic belt of Yarlung Zangbo River and Gangdese (the section in Shannan) and the series of copper mines of Qulung, Chonggyang, Zhuru and Xungcun can become the new super-scale replacement base for copper mining in the country with a potential value of the added mineral resources being more than 180 billion Yuan. In 2005, three mineral sites were explored, raising the amount of proven reserves in two of them. The drilling reached a depth of 10,700 meters.

In the future, Tibet will strengthen its minerals exploration, and place great emphasis on exploiting superior mineral resources with good market demand, and speed up the construction of the mining area at the Yulong copper mines and Zhaboya Salt Lake. It will also constantly improve the depth and precision of mineral production processing to construct an economic belt or zones of mineral development with different characteristics and organize mineral enterprises group.

Building Industry

Tibet Industry building industry Since entering into the 21st Century, the building industry of Tibet has gained rapid development with a rise in the stability of project quality and with the industrial structure becoming more rational day by day. Meanwhile, the quality of the enterprises and employees engaging in the industry is constantly being improved and the sector is going from strength to strength. By the end of 2005, there were 430 enterprises engaging in building work and 54 supervisory companies in the whole region of Tibet. The number of employees reached 100,000, and the added value increased to 5.2 billion Yuan in 2005 from 1.78 billion Yuan in 2001, which played an important role in the high growth of the regional economy.

During this period, Tibet speeded up the construction of the urban infrastructure and public services. At present, the municipal infrastructure of the cities and towns of Tibet has been basically improved with the completion of main trunk roads and construction of some sub-trunk roads, basically forming an urban road network. The water supply and drainage system is also in the course of improvement, the drainage problem is primarily solved and urban garbage burial sites are under construction or being studied. Tibet is initiatively exploring ways to set up a multiple-channel investing and financing mechanism of municipal public undertakings construction. In 2005, it gained urban construction funds of 9.824 million Yuan by way of auctioning the licensed management rights of four kinds of open-air advertisement positions on Jinzhu West Road. Urban construction in Tibet attaches great importance to ethnic flavor. Some prefectures such as Lhasa, Shannan and Xigaze and important cities and towns surrounding Konggar have added more ethnic and regional features through ethnic reconstruction of old buildings. Among them, remarkable effects have been achieved in renovation around Barkor Street in Lhasa City, Potala Palace Square and the plaza of Tashilhunpo Monastery and reconstruction of old city zones, and the rebuilding project of Changqin Street in Qamdo Town and the Xigaze Pedestrian Mall gained a ¡°National Award For Human Residence Model¡±.

In addition, in order to renovate and regulate the public bidding market, different regions have set up a Bidding Administrative Office with administrative supervisory function and a Trading Center of Construction Projects. The supervision of every building and municipal engineering project has been further enhanced and the quality greatly promoted.

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